วันอาทิตย์ที่ 27 กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2554

Translation House Registration


House Cord No. 9609-008062-4 Local Registration Office: SUKHIRIN DISTRICT

Address: HOUSE NO.26/2 Mooti 2

Village Name:
House Name:

Type of House: HOUSE
Description of house:

Date of stipulating the house number:

Signature: (Mr.Somchai Thanyavomg) Regester

Date of printing the house registration: 8 July 2004


Book No: 1 List of persons of the house cord no. 9609-008062-4 Serial No. 3

Name: MissNureela Mudor Nationality: THAI Sex: FEMALE

ID No: 1-9608-00053-15-0 Status: RESIDENT Date of birth: 6 March 1989

Name of natural mother: CHEKRAMOH 3-9608-00100-24-3 Nationality: THAI

Name of natural father: BRAHENG 3-9609-00058-69-9 Nationality: THAI


Signature: (Mr.Somchai Thanyavong) Register

**Transferred to

รายการเกี่ยวกับบ้าน เล่มที่ 1

เลขรหัสประจำบ้าน 9609-008062-4 สำนักทะเบียน อำเภอสุคิริน
รายการที่อยู่ 26/2 หมู่ที่ 2
ตำบลมาโมง อำเภอสุคิริน จังหวัดนราธิวาส
ชื่อหมู่บ้าน ชื่อบ้าน
ประเภทบ้าน บ้าน ลักษณะบ้าน
วันเดือนปีที่กำหนดบ้านเลขที่ 27 ตุลาคม 2536
(นายสมชาย ธัญวงศ์) นายทะเบียน
วันเดือนปีที่ตีพิมพ์ทะเบียนบ้าน 8 กรกฎาคม 2547


เล่มที่ 1 รายการบุคคลในบ้านของเลขรหัสประจำบ้าน 9609-008062-4 ลำดับที่ 3
ชื่อ น.ส.นูรีลา มูดอ สัญชาติ ไทย เพศ หญิง
เลขประจำตัวประชาชน 1-9608-00053-15-0 สถานภาพ ผู้อาศัย เกิดเมื่อ 6 มี.ค. 2532
มารดาผู้ให้กำเนิด ชื่อ เจ๊ะรอเมาะ 3-9608-00100-24-3 สัญชาติ ไทย
บิดาผู้ให้กำเนิด ชื่อ บรอเฮง 3-9609-00058-69-9 สัญชาติ ไทย
*มาจาก ฐานข้อมูลการทะเบียนราษฏร
(นายสมชาย ธัญวงศ์) นายทะเบียน

Dear Abby

High School Junior Suffers Loss That Has Yet To Occur


I am a junior in high school and will graduate next year. I attend a private school where I have made many good friends -- teachers included -- and have created many happy memories.
I have just been hit with the realization that my time in high school is running out. Once I leave for college, I may never see or talk to my friends here again. I can't process the thought of having such great friends and mentors and losing them. I'm afraid for the future and how I will miss everything I've experienced at my school.
Do you have any suggestions on how to deal with all this? I can barely sleep because I feel like it's only going to get worse. -- LEAVING IT ALL BEHIND IN LOUISIANA
DEAR LEAVING IT ALL BEHIND: You have the rest of your junior year and senior year of high school to enjoy. Please don't cloud them by worrying that you will lose touch with your friends and mentors. Once you graduate, you will have the Internet and social networking sites to keep you in touch, and you can see each other during vacations.
You have great adventures ahead of you -- and so do they. True friendships don't have to end because of distance. While some of them may, others last a lifetime. And those are the ones that count.

Translation Lesson Plans in English

วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 10 กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2554

Translation lesson plans in Thai

Learning log in class week 14 (10/02/2011)

 Adjective clause
-The woman is a worker who has been cleaning the street for 26 year.
-“Bird” is a singer who was singing happily.
-The language centre which is situated at NSTRU is very big.

 Adjective phrase
Example: -The woman is a worker cleaning the street for 26 year.
-“Bird is a singer singing happily.
-The language centre situated at NSTRU is very big.

 Adverb clause
Example: -She protested helplessly.
-The vapidly widening wealth goup between the rich and poor.
-Rolling stone is no mass.

Learning log out class

Adverbial Clause

Adverbial Clause or Adverb Clause.An adverb clause is a clause that functions as an adverb.That is instead of one adverb modifying the verb,we have a clause (subject and predicate).

For example:
• Susan called yesterday.
• Susan called when we were out.

• Geouge listened carefully to the teacher.
• Geouge listened to the teacher as his mother told him to.

• He believed everything unconditionally.
• He would believed everything if you had the evidence.
• He believed everything even though you couldn’t prove it.

Adverb Clause Connectors
One kind of the adverb clause tell us “when” the action takes place.It is adverb clause of time
For example:
• When I graduate,I would like to get married.
• As soon as I find Mr. Right.I will stop dating orther people.
• After we get married,we will go on a honeymoon.

Adverb Clause of Contrast
Adverb clause of contrast,we can also subordinate the main idea by showing its contrast to show that the effect is not what we expect.
For example:
• Although Tom Cruise has been married many times,he remains the man in my dream.
• He has a lot of charisma thought he is rather short.
• Even if he is fat and bald,I will still be crazy about him.

Adverb Clause of Condition
Adverb Clause of condition modify a clause,providing a condition under which the event will take place.
For example:
• If the teacher cancels the class,we will go to a movie.
• Unless it’s necessary,she won’t answer the phone.
• In case there’s an emergency,you can call this number.

Adverb Clause of Reason
An Adverb Clause of Reason indicates why the particular action of the verb is taken.The Adverb Clause of Reason will being with because,since,as that etc…
• I did not buy it because I did not like the look of it.
• Because he is rich,he think he can buy all of us juices.
• As he was not there,he spoke to his brother.

Adverb Clause of Purpose
We can modify a verb or a sentence by giving it the purpose in the adverb clause.
For example:
• Clark Kent works at the Daily Planet in order that he can keep himself up-to-date with the information.He acts likes a normal person so that no one will suspect anything of him.For the fear that someone will discover his true identity,he never tells anyone the fact of who he is.He wears the Superman suit lest no one recognizes him.

Adverb Clause of Manner
As the name suggests,an advern clause of manner tells us ‘how’ you do telling us ‘how’ we do something,this is the most difficult to understand.The conectors used in an adverb clause of manner are as,as if,and as though.
For example:
• Good students come to class on time as the teacher tells them to.
• He ate as if he were starving for months.
• She acts as if it’s a joke.

Learning log week 13

Learning log in class (Week 13,28/01/2011)

1. แม่ของฉันเป็นครู
My mother is a teacher.

2. รัฐบาลยุบสภาในเดือนเมษายน
The government planned to dissolve the parliament in April.

3. พระราชวังนี้สร้างขึ้นใน 1912
The palace was built in 1912.

4. บ้านโน้นดูใหญ่มาก
That house looks so big.

5. น้องชายนั้นชอบหนังสือนิทานหนารูปสวยๆสีสดใสที่แม่ซื้อมาให้มาก
My brother really likes the thick colorful fairy tale book with lots of beautiful picture than Mom bought him.


Determiner opinion size shape condition age color origin noun
An ugly big round chipped old blue French vase

+ N
Determiner / adj. /N adjunct/present pt/past pt.

N +
Adv. + to infinitive phrase/infinitive phrase/present pt/past pt /N phrase/adj. phrase/preposition phrase/relation clause (adj. clause)

Learning log out class

Noun determiner

Nouns are often preceded by the words the, a, or an. These words are called DETERMINERS. They indicate the kind of reference which the noun has. The determiner the is known as the DEFINITE ARTICLE. It is used before both singular and plural nouns:

The determiner a (or an, when the following noun begins with a vowel) is the INDEFINITE ARTICLE. It is used when the noun is singular:

a taxi
a paper
an apple
The articles the and a/an are the most common determiners, but there are many others:

any taxi
that question
those apples
this paper
some apple
whatever taxi
whichever taxi
Many determiners express quantity:

all examples
both parents
many people
each person
every night
several computers
few excuses
enough water
no escape
Perhaps the most common way to express quantity is to use a numeral. We look at numerals as determiners in the next section.


In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified. Adjectives are one of the traditional eight English parts of speech, though linguists today distinguish adjectives from words such as determiners that were formerly considered to be adjectives. In this paragraph, "main", "more", and "traditional" are adjectives.

โดยทั่วไปการวางตำแหน่ง คุณศัพท์ในประโยคจะวางได้ 2 แบบ

• ใช้วางประกอบข้างหน้านาม ( attributive use )

She is a beautiful girl. เธอเป็นคนสวย ( beautiful ขยายนาม girl)

These are small envelopes. พวกนี้เป็นซองเล็กๆ ( small ขยายนาม envelopes)

• ใช้วางเป็นส่วนของกริยา ( predicative use ) โดยอยู่ตามหลัง verb to be เมื่อ adjective นั้นขยาย noun หรือ pronoun ที่อยู่หน้า verb to be

The girl is beautiful. เด็กผู้หญิงคนนั้นสวย ( beautiful เป็นคุณศัพท์ที่ตามหลัง verb to be ขยาย girl และ the เป็นคุณศัพท์ขยาย girl เช่นกัน)

These envelopes are small. ซองพวกนี้มีขนาดเล็ก( small เป็นคุณศัพท์ที่ตามหลัง verb to be ขยาย envelopes ,these เป็น คุณศัพท์ขยาย envelopes เช่นกัน )

She has been sick all week. เธอป่วยมาตลอดอาทิตย์ ( sick เป็น คุณศัพท์ ที่ตามหลัง verb to be ขยายสรรพนาม she )

That cat is fat and white. แมวตัวนั้นอ้วนและมีสีขาว
( That เป็นคุณศัพท์ประกอบหน้านาม fat และ white เป็นคุณศัพท์ซึ่งเป็นส่วนของกริยาขยาย cat

Noun adjunct

In grammar, a noun adjunct or attributive noun or noun premodifier is a noun that modifies another noun and is optional — meaning that it can be removed without changing the grammar of the sentence. For example, in the phrase "chicken soup" the noun adjunct "chicken" modifies the noun "soup". It is irrelevant whether the resulting compound noun is spelled in one or two parts. "Field" is a noun adjunct in both "field player" and "fieldhouse".

Example: In beef stew, the word beef is a noun adjunct.

Present Participle

In linguistics, a participle is a word that shares some characteristics of both verbs and adjectives.It can be used in compound verb tenses or voices (periphrasis), or as a modifier. A phrase composed of a participle and other words is a participial phrase.
The present participle is formed by adding the ending "--ing" to the infinitive (dropping any silent "e" at the end of the infinitive):

to sing = singing
to take =taking
to bake = baking
to be = being
to have = having

A. The present participle may often function as an adjective:
That's an interesting book.
That tree is a weeping willow.

B. The present participle can be used as a noun denoting an activity (this form is also called a gerund):
Swimming is good exercise.
Traveling is fun.

C. The present participle can indicate an action that is taking place, although it cannot stand by itself as a verb. In these cases it generally modifies a noun (or pronoun), an adverb, or a past participle:
Thinking myself lost, I gave up all hope.
Looking ahead is important.

D. The present participle may be used with "while" or "by" to express an idea of simultaneity ("while") or causality ("by") :
He finished dinner while watching television.
By using a dictionary he could find all the words.
While speaking on the phone, she doodled.
By calling the police you saved my life!

E. The present participle of the auxiliary "have" may be used with the past participle to describe a past condition resulting in another action:
Having spent all his money, he returned home.
Having told herself that she would be too late, she accelerated.


In linguistics, a participle is a word that shares some characteristics of both verbs and adjectives.It can be used in compound verb tenses or voices (periphrasis), or as a modifier.

A past participle indicates past or completed action or time. It is often called the 'ed' form as it is formed by adding d or ed, to the base form of regular verbs, however it is also formed in various other ways for irregular verbs.
It can be used to form a verb phrase as part of the present perfect tense.
For example:-
I have learnt English. (Learnt is part of the verb phrase 'have learnt')
It can be used to form the passive voice.

For example:-
Her hair was well brushed.
It can also be used as an adjective.

For example:-

As an adjective: He had a broken arm. (Broken is used here as an adjective.)
Here is a comprehensive list of irregular verbs.


"Adverbs" redirects here. For the Daniel Handler novel, see Adverbs (novel).
An adverb is a part of speech. It is any word that modifies any part of speech or other verbs other than a noun (modifiers of nouns are primarily adjectives and determiners). Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives (including numbers), clauses, sentences and other adverbs.
Adverbs typically answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. This function is called the adverbial function, and is realized not just by single words (i.e., adverbs) but by adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses.

• I found the film incredibly dull.

• The meeting went well, and the directors were extremely happy with the outcome!

• Crabs are known for walking sideways.

• I often have eggs for breakfast.

• However, I shall not eat fried eggs again.

• The Five Types of Adverbs

• Adverbs of Manner: Adverbs of manner provide information on how someone does something.

• For example: Jack drives very carefully.

• Adverbs of Time: Adverbs of time provide information on when something happens.

• For example: We'll let you know our decision next week.

• Adverbs of Frequency: Adverbs of frequency provide information on how often something happens.

• For example: They usually get to work at eight o'clock.

• Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree provide information concerning how much of something is done. For example: They like playing golf a lot.

• Adverbs of Comment: Adverbs of comment provide a comment, or opinion about a situation.

• For example: Fortunately, there were enough seats left for the concert.

•Adverb Formation
• Adverbs are usually formed by adding '-ly' to an adjective.

• For example: quiet - quietly, careful - carefully, careless - carelessly

• Adjectives ending in '-le' change to '-ly'.

• For example: possible - possibly, probable - probably, incredible - incredibly

• Adjectives ending in '-y' change to '-ily'.

• For example: She visited her friends last year.

Adverbs of Frequency: Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb (not the auxiliary verb).

• For example: He often goes to bed late. Do you sometimes get up early?

• Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence).

• For example: She'll attend the meeting as well.

• Adverbs of Comment: Adverbs of comment are placed at the beginning of a sentence.

• For example: Luckily, I was able to come to the presentation.

• Important Exceptions to Adverb Placement

• Some adverbs are placed at the beginning of a sentence to provide more emphasis.

• For example: Now you tell me you can't come!

• Adverbs of frequency are placed after the verb 'to be' when used as the main verb of the sentence.

• For example: Jack is often late for work.

Infinitive to

Infinitive คือ กริยาที่นำหน้าด้วย to (Infinitive with "to") เช่น to play,
to study,to arrest และไม่นำหน้าด้วย to (Infinitive without "to")
โดยเฉพาะหลังกริยาช่วย can,will,may,must etc. เช่น can sing, will go,
may happen นอกจากนี้ Infinitiveจะทำหน้าที่เหมือนอย่างคำนาม (n.)
,คำคุณศัพท์ (adj.) ,และคำวิเศษณ์ (adv.)


A preposition is a word which shows relationships among other words in the sentence. The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount. In the sentence She went to the store, to is a preposition which shows direction. In the sentence He came by bus, by is a preposition which shows manner. In the sentence They will be here at three o'clock, at is a preposition which shows time and in the sentence It is under the table, under is a preposition which shows place.

Preposition Object of the Preposition Prepositional Phrase
to the store to the store
by bus by bus
at three o'clock at three o'clock
under the table under the table

Relative clause

A relative clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun phrase, most commonly a noun. For example, the phrase "the man who wasn't there" contains the noun man, which is modified by the relative clause who wasn't there. A relative clause can also modify a pronoun, as in "he to whom I have written", or a noun phrase which already contains a modifier, as in "the black panther in the tree, which is about to pounce". The complete phrase (modified noun phrase plus modifying relative clause) is also a noun phrase.

Learning log out class week 12

Learning log outclass
เราแบ่งประเภทของ Phrase แต่ละชนิดตามคำหลัก (Head)ของมัน หรือ หน้าที่ที่มันทำอยู่ในประโยค
e.g. The plumber’s bill should have been paid last week. Head = paid ดังนั้นเป็น Verb phrase
โดยเราสามารถแบ่ง Phrase ออกเป็นประเภทตามหน้าที่ ที่คำหลักนั้นอยู่ในประโยคดังนี้

1. Prepositional phrase มีคำ Prepositionเป็นคำหลักของPhrase (Prep อยู่หน้าPhrase)
e.g. I called her on the phone. ฉันโทรหาหล่อนทางโทรศัพท์ (on the phone = Prep phrase)

2. Adjective phrase มีคำAdjectiveเป็นคำหลักของPhrase นอกจากนี้ยังหมายรวมถึง Phraseอื่นๆที่ทำหน้าที่เสมือน Adjอีกด้วย
e.g. She’s absolutely impervious to criticism. หล่อนไม่ครั่นคร้ามต่อคำวิพากษวิจารณ์ (Adj phrase)
That food is good to eat. อาหารนั้นมีประโยชน์ที่จะรับประทาน (Adj phrase)
John is a man with a kind nature. จอห์นเป็นชายที่มีนิสัยโอบอ้อมอารี (Adj phrase)

3. Adverb phrase คือphraseใดๆ ที่ทำหน้าที่เป็น Adverbในประโยค
e.g. The computer was devised specifically for use by those physicists. (Adv phrase)
John ran with great speed. (with great speed = quickly)(Adv phrase)
He fell to the ground. = down ตกลงที่ไหน (Adv phrase)

4. Noun phrase คือกลุ่มคำใดๆที่ทำหน้าที่เป็นคำนาม Nounในประโยค
e.g. Bali’s spectacular beaches, volcanoes, lakes, temples, and terraced rice fileds have made it one of the most visited places on earth.
(ถ้าเราตัดตัวที่ขีดเส้นใต้ออกประโยคก็จะขาด Noun)

5. Verb phrase คือphraseที่มี verbเป็นคำหลัก
e.g. The box must have been opened. (Verb phrase)
อย่าจำสับสนกับ Phrasal verb ที่เป็นกลุ่มคำพิเศษที่ประกอบด้วยVerbและ Particles (อาจเป็นAdverbหรือPreposition)ซึ่งอาจมีความหมายที่แตกต่างจาก Verbหลักไปเลย
e.g. We didn’t bargain for what happened. เราไม่ได้คิดสิ่งที่เกิดขึ้นไว้ล่วงหน้าเลย
(bargain ต่อรอง for = Phr V = expect คิดเอาไว้ก่อน)

6. Participle/Participial phrase กลุ่มคำที่มีParticipleเป็นคำหลักใช้ขยายความหมายเสมือน Adjective
e.g. The villagers lived in a house built of stone. (Past Part = ถูกสร้างจากหิน)
Being tired, we want to go home. (Present Part = รู้สึกเหนื่อย)
Walking along the street, we met John. (Present Part = ขณะกำลังเดินอยู่ที่ถนน)

7. Absolute phrase คือphraseผสมระหว่างNoun/Pronounกับ Participleโดยมีความหมายที่ไม่ได้เกี่ยวกับประโยคที่มันอยู่เลย
e.g. The students marching along, the people stood on both sides of the road.
นักเรียนเหล่านั้นกำลังเดินแถวตามๆกันมา ผู้คนเหล่านั้นได้ยืนอยู่บนสองฝากถนนนั้น
(นักเรียนเดิน ก็เดินไป ผู้คนยืน ก็ยืนไป ไม่ได้ขยายซึ่งกันและกัน)

8. Infinitive phrase กลุ่มคำที่มี Infinitive Toนำหน้า
e.g. John is the first man to walk in space. จอห์นเป็นมนุษย์คนแรกที่เดินในอวกาศ (To infinitive =ทำหน้าที่ขยาย man)

9. Gerund phrase กลุ่มคำที่ทำหน้าที่ของ Gerund
e.g. Her beautiful singing charmed us.
(Gerund phrase)
I hate having to clean the room. (Gerund phrase)

Learning log week 11

Learning log in class


1.Give me that book (order)
2.Pass the jam (request)
3.Turn right at the corner (instructer)
4.Try the selmon (suggestion)
5.Come around on sunday

Learning log out class

8 Different Types Of Headlines

by Trevor Crook on May 21, 2008
Following on from the 12 rules to create kick ass headlines which sell, below are the 8 different types of headlines you can model from with examples.When you follow the 12 rules, find your hook and then model the headlines below, you will create sizzling headlines which compel your prospects into reading your persuasive copy

1. The News Headline

If your product or service offers something newsworthy, announce it in your headline. You would normally use this to introduce a new product or the improvement of an existing product.Here are some words you can use in your News Headlines.New, Announcing, Introducing, Finally, Just released, Now, At last.Examples: “At last! A Tooth Paste Kids Will Love”
“New Diet Burns Off More Fat Than If You Ran 98 Miles a Week”
“Announcing . . . The New Bald Cure Guaranteed To Make Even Trevor Crook Look Like He’s Got A Full Crop Of Hair!”

2.The Guarantee Headline:

These state a desirable benefit and guarantee results or other benefits. If you offer a powerful guarantee . . . let your prospects know by stating it in the headline.


“Makes Money In 90 days Or It’s FREE Under my 100%, Unconditional Money Back Guarantee”
“Hands Which Feel As Smooth As Silk In 24 Hours . . . Or Double Your Money Back!”

3. The How To Headline:

With over 7,000 book titles starting with ‘How To’ you can’t go wrong with this one. If you ever get stuck, try adding ‘how to’ in front of your headline as these type of headlines promise your prospect a source of information, advice and solutions to their problems.


“How To Win Friends And Influence People”
“How To Avoid Snake-Oil Selling Scumbags On The Internet”

4. The Benefit Headline:

Benefits sell . . . features DO NOT! To write a successful benefit Headline, you must know your market so well, you can offer them a powerful, compelling benefit driven headline which they can’t easily get somewhere else. You must do your homework though in order to know what benefit will motivate your prospect/s to take action.


“Dries Up Your Hay Fever In 15 Minutes”
“Stops Diahorrea in 30 Minutes”
“It Cleans Your Breath While It Cleans Your Teeth”

5. The Question Headline:

Be careful when using this one. You must know your market backwards otherwise you can blow your whole advertising campaign. The best types of questions to ask are questions which get your prospect involved.


“Do You Make These Mistakes In Marriage?”
“Do You Make These Mistakes In English?
“Can You Smash Through 6 Bricks Like Dr. Stan ‘Breakthrough’

6. The Reason Why Headline:

These give your prospect specific reasons why they should read your ad, sales letter or website. These are very effective because they contain facts and specific numbers.


“27 Reasons Why You Should Attend Trevor Crook’s Persuasive Writing Sells Online Course”
“37 Fun And Easy Ways To Earn $500 In Your Sleep”

7. The Testimonial Headline:

This is just what it says. It uses a customer testimonial for a headline. This gets your customers to sell for you by talking about the benefits they received.


“How I Make $557.63 Per Week In My Sleep”
“I Had Never Purchased A Share In My Life. I Opened A Share Account With $14,000.00 After Attending The Trading Edge Workshop . . . In Six Months My Account is OVER $21,000!”

8. The Command Headline:

This tells your customers what to do. Your command should encourage action by offering your prospect a benefit which will help them. The most effective command headlines start out with action verbs.


“Stop Baldness Today Before Your Head Looks Like A Bowling Ball”
“Stop Wasting Time On Advertising Guesswork”
“Stop Being An Advertising Victim”

Lenrning log week10(14/1/54)

Learning log in class week10

1. แม่ของฉันเป็นครู
My mother is a teacher.

2. รัฐบาลยุบสภาในเดือนพฤษภาคม
The government planned to dissolve the parliament in May.

3. พระราชวังนี้สร้างขึ้นใน 2455 / 1912
The palace was built in 1912.

4. บ้านโน้นดูใหญ่มาก
That house looks so big.

5. น้องชายนั้นชอบหนังสือนิทานหนารูปสวยๆสีสดใสที่แม่ซื้อมาให้มาก
My brother really likes the thick colorful fairy tale book with lots of beautiful picture than Mom bougth him.


Determiner opinion size shape condition age color origin noun
An ugly big round chipped old blue french vase

1. + N
Det / adj. /N adjunct/present pt/past pt.

2. N +
Adv. + to infinitiv phr/infinitive phr/present pt/past pt /N phr/adj. phr/preposition phr/relation clause (adj. clause)

Learning log out class week 10

Adjuncts are unmated grains (such as corn, rice, rye, oats, barley, and wheat) used in brewing beer which supplement the main mash ingredients (such as malted barley), often with the intention of cutting costs, but sometimes to create an additional feature, such as better foam retention.


Ingredients which are standard for certain beers, such as wheat in a wheat beer, may be termed adjuncts when used in beers which could be made without them — such as adding wheat to a pale ale for the purpose of creating a lasting head. The sense here is that the ingredient is additional and strictly unnecessary, though it may be beneficial and attractive. Under the Bavarian Reinheitsgebot purity law it would be considered that an adjunct is any beer ingredient other than water, yeast, barley or hops; this, however, is an extreme view (a 16th century German law) that would exclude hundreds of highly regarded specialty beers, especially from Belgium and the US.
The term adjunct is often used to refer to corn and rice, the two adjuncts commonly used by pale lager brewing companies as substitutes for barley malt. This use of ingredients as substitutes for the main starch source, (to lower the cost of production or lighten the body) is where the term adjunct is most often used.
Adjuncts can be broadly separated into solids and liquid syrups. Solid adjuncts are ingredients such as cereals, flakes, grits and flours which must be added to the mash tun to convert the starch into simple sugars which the yeast can utilise during fermentation. Some cereals have a higher gelatinisation temperature than the standard mashing temperatures and must be cooked in a cereal cooker to gelatinise the starch before adding to the mash.
Liquid syrups, on the other hand, are designed to be added directly to the kettle and therefore can be used to reduce loading on the mash and lauter tun and effectively increase the brewhouse capacity.
Other benefits of using adjuncts include reducing cost, improving consistency, diluting wort nitrogen (thereby improving shelf life) and reducing colour (or increasing colour with roasted cereals and caramels.)

Home work week 10

My friend is thinking to move a small beautiful modern home. He not want condo. It’s many problem.
He has two red sports Italian. It designed special for him. The price is the most expensive cars.

วันศุกร์ที่ 4 กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. 2554

PM to Pheu Thai: 'name your leader'

The Nation
on February 5, 2011

Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva yesterday called on the political opposition to name their leader and make it clear whether they would "stick to the past and a certain individual".
Without naming the Pheu Thai Party or its patriarch and ex-premier Thaksin Shinawatra, Abhisit said it was time parties planning to contest the upcoming general elections told voters what they would do for them.
"They should make it clear if they will still stick to the past and a certain individual, rather than [thinking of] the benefit to the public. They should tell people about this," he said. "They also have to clearly name the party leader so that people can make their decision."
Pheu Thai's current leader, Yongyuth Wichaidit, is not an MP and is unlikely to lead the party as candidate for prime minister in the next election.
There has been widespread speculation over who will take on the role, with marketing expert Mingkwan Sangsuwan a frontrunner, but Pheu Thai has not announced its choice.
Abhisit, who is leader of the Democrat Party, said the next election would allow voters to determine the direction they wanted the country to move in and show the world that Thai democracy had matured.
"The voice of the voters must be louder than the political groups active at present," he said. "They should let the world community know we have got over the political crisis of the past several years."
However, the prime minister stopped short of saying when he would dissolve the House of Representatives and call a new election. He said his government had not completed its task and "still wanted to work more".
Abhisit had previously said there would be an early election later this year.
The premier was delivering a speech entitled "New Election: A Hope for Thailand" at the Sofitel Centara Grand hotel during a function to mark the Post Today newspaper's eighth anniversary. The speech was also broadcast on the state-run NBT Channel.

Who : Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva

What : Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva yesterday called on the political opposition to name their leader and make it clear whether they would "stick to the past and a certain individual".

When : on February 5, 2011

Where : Government House

Why : the next election would allow voters to determine the direction they wanted the country to move in and show the world that Thai democracy had matured.

Can America Win the Education Race?

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

President Obama talked a lot about education in his State of the Union speech last week.
BARACK OBAMA: "We need to out-innovate, out-educate and out-build the rest of the world. "This is our generation's Sputnik moment," he said.
BARACK OBAMA: "Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called Sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat them to the moon. The science wasn’t even there yet. NASA didn’t exist. But after investing in better research and education, we didn’t just surpass the Soviets; we unleashed a wave of innovation that created new industries and millions of new jobs."
If Americans want to "win the future," he said, then they also have to win the race to educate their children.
BARACK OBAMA: "Over the next ten years, nearly half of all new jobs will require education that goes beyond a high school education. And yet as many as a quarter of our students aren’t even finishing high school. The quality of our math and science education lags behind many other nations. America has fallen to ninth in the proportion of young people with a college degree."

Two years ago, Mr. Obama set a goal to regain the world's highest rate of college graduates by twenty-twenty. He says the responsibility to give every child a chance to succeed begins not in classrooms, but in homes and communities.
BARACK OBAMA: "Only parents can make sure the TV is turned off and homework gets done. We need to teach our kids that it’s not just the winner of the Super Bowl who deserves to be celebrated, but the winner of the science fair. [Applause]"
President Obama talked about his Race to the Top competition. It offered states money to develop plans to improve teacher quality and student performance. He urged Congress to follow this idea for the next version of the main federal law on elementary and secondary education.
Also, he called for preparing one hundred thousand new teachers in science, technology, engineering and math over the next ten years. He noted that many teachers now are old enough to retire.
In his message, Mr. Obama offered to begin debate with Congress on immigration reform, and he linked that issue to education.
BARACK OBAMA: "Today, there are hundreds of thousands of students excelling in our schools who are not American citizens. Some are the children of undocumented workers, who had nothing to do with the actions of their parents. They grew up as Americans and pledge allegiance to our flag, and yet they live every day with the threat of deportation. Others come here from abroad to study in our colleges and universities. But as soon as they obtain advanced degrees, we send them back home to compete against us."
The speech came the same day the Education Department released the latest results on student progress in science.
The goal is for all students to perform at the proficient or advanced level. But only about one-third of students in grades four and eight and one-fifth of twelfth-graders did that in two thousand nine. Just one to two percent of students performed at the advanced level.

Who : Barack Obama

What : Can America Win the Education Race

When : last week

Where : in his State of the Union

Why : He want to develop and plans to improve teacher quality and student performance. He urged Congress to follow this idea for the next version of the main federal law on elementary and secondary education.

Cambodian, Thai troops clash

4/02/2011 at 10:31 PM
Bangkok post news

Thai and Cambodian soldiers exchanged heavy fire near a disputed temple on the two countries' shared border on Friday, killing a civilian, officials said as tensions between the neighbors boiled over.
View of the Preah Vihear temple on the disputed Cambodian-Thai border. The World Court ruled in 1962 that the Preah Vihear temple belongs to Cambodia, but its main entrance lies in Thailand. A civilian has been killed as Thai and Cambodian troops exchanged heavy fire near a disputed temple on the two countries' shared border, as tensions between the neighbours boiled over.
One villager was killed by artillery shelling and five Thai soldiers were injured in the fighting near the ancient Preah Vihear temple area, Thai public health minister Jurin Laksanawisit said.
"I have ordered the hospitals along the border to be on standby," he said.
Chhum Socheat, a spokesman for the Cambodian defence ministry, said that four Cambodian soldiers had been injured, one seriously, and four Thai soldiers had been captured in fighting that lasted for nearly three hours.
The area around the temple is claimed by both sides and Cambodian foreign ministry spokesman Koy Kuong said Phnom Penh planned to complain to the United Nations over what it termed the "Thai invasion".
"We will lodge a complaint with the UN Security Council on Saturday," he told AFP, adding that Thai soldiers had fired artillery shells some 18 to 20 kilometres (11 to 12 miles) into Cambodian territory.
But Thai Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon played down the significance of the incident. "We are negotiating now and I am sure that everything will be fine," he said.
Both Thailand and Cambodia accused the other of starting the fighting, the first since April 2009.
A Thai army official at the border said fighting broke out at 3.10pm local time (0810 GMT) at Phu Makuea, near the 11th-century temple.
Residents in several villages along both sides of the border have been evacuated, officials said.
Ties between the two countries have been strained since July 2008 by a series of deadly border clashes over land surrounding the temple after it was granted UN World Heritage status.
Both sides have been talking tough on the border issue, which some observers say serves nationalist goals at home on both sides.
The World Court ruled in 1962 that Preah Vihear itself belonged to Cambodia, although its main entrance lies in Thailand. The exact boundary through the surrounding grounds remains in dispute.
The Thai-Cambodia border has never been fully demarcated, partly because it is littered with landmines left over from decades of war in Cambodia.
Another border spat has focused on the Keo Sikha Kiri Svara pagoda, which is built in the disputed area. Thailand on Monday demanded that Cambodia remove its flag from the pagoda, which it said was situated on disputed territory.
The fighting erupted just hours after Thailand's Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya held talks with his counterpart in Cambodia.
Tensions between the two countries have flared in recent weeks in the wake of the arrest of seven Thai nationals for illegal entry into Cambodia in late December.
Five of the group were given suspended sentences and have since returned to Thailand. The other two, high-profile nationalist activist Veera Somkwamkid and his secretary, were sentenced to lengthy jail terms for spying, in a case that has caused outrage among Thailand's "Yellow Shirts".
Hundreds of Yellow Shirts have camped out around Government House in Bangkok since last week, demonstrating against its handling of the border dispute, and the group plans a larger rally on Saturday.
Yellow Shirts are a force to be reckoned with in Thailand's colour-coded politics and have helped to claim the scalps of three governments in under five years, including that of fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra.

Who : Thai and Cambodian soldiers .

What : Cambodian, Thai troops clash.

When : on Friday .

Where : the Preah Vihear temple the Cambodian-Thai border.

Why : The Preah Vihear temple on the disputed Cambodian-Thai border. The World Court ruled in 1962 that the Preah Vihear temple belongs to Cambodia, but its main entrance lies in Thailand. A civilian has been killed as Thai and Cambodian troops exchanged heavy fire near a disputed temple on the two countries' shared border, as tensions between the neighbours boiled over.


Thai Rat Newspaper

Wednesday 24th November 2010

At the Central Administrative Court, located on Chaengwattana Road, Late morning of November 23rd, 2010, 61 Residents of Jomtien and Pattaya Municipality of Chonburi Province lodged a prosecution to sue the Chonburi Governor for "Misappropriation of Conduct" which permitted or allowed the View Talay Condominium (1999) Co., Ltd to construct many permanent condominium projects close to each otherin Nongprue area of Banglamung District of Chonburi province which were constructed too close to the sea and within the 200 meters of "Move Back Reserved Distance".

The people also deemed that the Environmental Impact Assessment Report was not done correctly and properly by the patterns and steps of law as it showed the lack of participation of the people who were the Interested Persons of this matter in community which considered being in infringement with the rights of people in the community.

The Prosecutors requested the Administrative Court to revoke the construction licenses and demolition of the building parts which are in violation with the law and cancelling the EIA Report or Activities of both View Talay Jomtien Condominium and View Talay Pattaya Beach Condominium of View Talay Condominium (1999) Co., Ltd as well Projects 5, 6 and 7.

Who : Central Administrative Court


When : Late morning of November 23rd, 2010,

Where : 61 Residents of Jomtien and Pattaya Municipality of Chonburi Province

Why : The Prosecutors requested the Administrative Court to revoke the construction licenses and demolition of the building parts which are in violation with the law and cancelling the EIA



ครั้งหนึ่ง มีเด็กเลี้ยงแกะซึ่งอายุยังน้อยผู้หนึ่ง ทำการดูแล (ฝูง) แกะของเขาอยู่ที่เชิงเขาใกล้กับป่าทึบ เขารู้สึกค่อนข้างจะเหงาใจอยู่

ตลอดวัน ดังนั้นเขาจึงคิดแผนการขึ้นอย่างหนึ่ง ซึ่งแผนการนี้จะช่วยให้เขา มีเพื่อนแก้เหงา และมีความสนุกได้บ้าง เขารีบวิ่งไปยังหมู่บ้าน

พร้อมกับร้องขึ้นว่า(ช่วยด้วย) หมาป่า (มาแล้ว) ช่วยด้วย หมาป่ามาแล้ว ฝ่ายพวกชาวบ้านก็ออกมาหาเขา (จะช่วยเหลือ)และบางคนก็อยู่

ด้วยกับเขาเป็นเวลานาน สิ่งนี้ทำให้เด็ก (เลี้ยงแกะ) คนนั้นพอใจเป็นอย่างยิ่ง ดังนั้นอีกไม่กี่วันต่อมา เขาจึงเล่นตลกเหมือนเดิมอีก และก็

อีกนั่นแหละ ที่ชาวบ้านได้ออกมาเพื่อจะช่วยเขา ครั้นหลังจากคราวนี้ไม่นาน หมาป่าตัวหนึ่งได้ออกมาจริงๆ จากป่า แล้วก็เริ่มรบกวนฝูงแกะ

แน่นอน เด็กคนนั้นก็ร้องออกไปว่า "ช่วยด้วยหมาป่ามาแล้ว ช่วยด้วยหมาป่ามาแล้ว โดยร้องดังยิ่งกว่าคราวก่อนอีก แต่คราวนี้พวกชาวบ้าน

ซึ่งถูกหลอกมาสองครั้ง ต่างก็คิดว่าเด็กคนนั้น กำลังหลอกลวงพวกตนอีก จึงไม่มีใครโผล่หัวออกมาช่วยเขาอีก ด้วยเหตุนี้หมาป่าจึงได้กิน


The Shepherd Boy

There was once a young Shepherd Boy. Who tended his sheep at the

foot of a mountain near a dark forest. It was rather lonely for him all

day so he thought upon a plan by which he could get a little

company and some excitement. He rushed down towards the village

calling out

Wolf, Wolf. And the villagers came out to meet him, and some of

them stopped with him for a consideration time. This pleased the boy

so much that a few days afterwards he tried the same trick, and again

the villagers came to his help. But shortly after this a wolf actually did

came out from the forest and began to worry the sheep, and the boy of

course cried out wolf, wolf" still louder than before. But the villagers,

who had fooled twice before, thought the boy was again deceiving

them, and nobody stirred to come to his help. So the wolf made a

good meal off the boy's flock.


Verse (A teacher is the best artist of the child)

A teacher is the best artist of the child

He is also the builder of a strong Nation,

If his art fails the statue, this child will be wild,

Then, what about the future of our Nation?

Negligent teacher's children become bad,

is a mysterious hit to him by Nature,

A good teacher does his duty what he had,

His children will be fine by the grace of God,

Teacher is blessed by God if he teaches well,

He should think that every child is his own,

Tomorrow before God every teacher has to tell,

In society a good teacher is well known,

A careless teacher is cursed to go to hell,

A good teacher lives with a honored crown.

Verse (A bad or a good teacher)

A bad teacher is negatively pessimistic
A good teacher is positively optimistic

A bad teacher swears all the time
A good teacher cares in their prime

A bad teacher passes on rude fear
A good teacher has on good ears

A bad teacher discourages
A good teacher encourages

A bad teacher despairs
A good teacher prepares

A bad teacher likes to bitch
A good teacher likes to teach

A bad teacher shouts every moment
A good teacher scouts for every talent

A bad teacher is up for crude devices
A good teacher is up for good advice

A bad teacher lets students fight on in the dark
A good teacher sets students on the right track

A bad teacher feeds on their looks
A good teachers reads many books

A bad teacher sings along with wrong faults
A good teacher brings along the right results